The causes of hearing loss are many. But most common cases of hearing loss is noise induced hearing loss which is caused by damage to the tiny hearing cells in the inner ear. This type of damage is generally caused by over exposure to excess noise over prolonged periods. This is a permanent damage which is also known as Sensorineural hearing loss. This type of hearing loss in most cases is irreversible in nature. Thus it is important that you prevent such type of hearing loss. This is only possible when you sufficiently protect your ears from prolonged exposure to loud noise.
Generally it is agreed amongst experts that exposure to a noise level of above 85 dB over a prolonged time can lead to hearing loss. So you need to be conscious of the problem and prevent it from happening by controlling things which are under your control. Sometimes it may not be under your control. For example you may be in a room which is playing loud music, but you have no option of turning down the volume. In such a case it is best for you to leave the room.
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Tips for prevention
If you are exposed to loud noise then you can use earplugs or earmuffs to protect your ears. You may also leave the place if possible. With a 10 minute break your ears can recover to some extent.
When you are using personal devices to listen to music like portable music player with head phones you must turn down the volume of the same.
You can use the 60:60 Rule. This says listen music at not more than 60% of the maximum volume and not more than for 60 minutes a day.
Do not have your television, radio or music too loud. This is particularly important if you have young children in the house, because their ears are more delicate than an adult’s. If you can’t have a comfortable conversation with someone who is two meters (about 6.5ft) away from you, turn the volume down.
Try to tackle with the loud noise at work. Your job may be such that you are constantly exposed to loud noise. This could be at the factory, in the mines etc. You need to bring the matter about the effect of loud noise to your human resource department so that the same can be better managed. From your side you could use earplugs and earmuffs for protecting your ears.